The Testament of Solomon, translated in the following pages, was published in a volume of anecdota by Fleck in the year This volume forms the fourth and. The Testament of Solomon begins with the story of a demon named Ornias who stole wages from a worker building the Temple and then. The Testament of Solomon, translated by F. C. Conybeare. This text is an Old Testament Pseudepigraphic catalog of demons summoned by. King Solomon, and.


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The fact that the rotulus of which G was a part seems to have ended at It is possible, given that MS L concludes at This material breaks the literary pattern of Solomon's dealings with the demons established in chs. One possible solution to the problem may be considered here: This material testament of solomon at some later stage incorporated into a larger text, with the redactional seams evident in The evolving text received its framework from the tale about Solomon and the Temple, and from the final material concerning Solomon's fall from grace.

This latter stage occurred as the recensions developed. C testament of solomon the recension which became most clearly read as a magical handbook.

Testament of Solomon

Thus, the Vienna papyri may provide an important clue to the dating of the Testament. If the testament of solomon expounded above is correct, the Ur-text for the Testament, if it is justifiable to postulate the existence of a single Ur-text, should be dated at some point after the Vienna papyri, and, presumably, prior to the reference in the work of Michael Glycas.

We may at this stage tentatively propose a date in the sixth century. A consideration of the imagery employed in the Testament is also important, since it may help us to set the Testament into some kind testament of solomon historical context.

A study examining both these aspects is crucial to the dating process, yet it would also be a vast project if undertaken conscientiously. A brief consideration of the traditions found in the Testament is all that will be attempted here.

The Testament of Solomon

This, however, need testament of solomon suggest to us a date from the second century C. Many other passages could be cited in this regard.

The extant MSS of the Testament do not quote biblical passages as such: The notion that the Testament lies behind, and helps us to interpret certain passages from the New Testament so Conybeare, Duling seems to be a misunderstanding of the available evidence.

The astrological elements of the Testament are also anticipated by WisdSol 7.

However, neither Josephus nor WisdSol are of much assistance in dating the Testament, since they anticipate a plethora of Solomonic traditions of which those attested in the Testament form only a small part.

The first of these, On the Origin of the World The tradition represented by The Testimony of Truth Firstly, the text in question notes that Solomon built Jerusalem by means of demons, "because he received testament of solomon. The reconstruction which follows includes the imprisoning of the demons in water pots in the Temple, reminiscent of the anggeia of TSol The conclusion of this tradition in the Testimony of Truth is that the demons, having been imprisoned from the time of Solomon until the Roman attack on Jerusalem in 70 C.


This tradition seems to be very closely paralleled by TSol It may be that the development of this story attested in the Nag Hammadi document is conditioned by the historical events of 70 C. At any rate, it seems probable that the tradition attested in the Testimony of Truth and in TSol The Gnostic text is probably closer to the original, since testament of solomon represents a development based on a recent historical event, and the passage in TSol testament of solomon only occurs in two MSS.

This last point might suggest that this tradition was unknown in the Ur-Text of the Testament, and that the tradition in question developed for a time as part of a Solomon-Enepsigos tradition which only found its way into the Testament at a very late stage.