Explore the world of Islamic architecture with its unique contribution to the architectural and religious landscape. Understand its origins and history, as well as. Greek architects designed the first buildings in the new Islamic Empire. They had already been living in the area when the Arabs conquered it. Islamic architecture encompasses a wide range of both secular and religious this is Simpson's book, one of early key references of History of architecture [1].


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In one of his sayings, he stressed that "Whoever built a mosque, with the intention history islamic architecture seeking Allah's pleasure, Allah will build for him a similar place in Paradise [3].

From the above, it appears clearly that Islam has no objection to building and urbanisation. As for borrowing from other history islamic architecture, we find the argument endorsing the universal concept of the message of Islam.

Islamic Architecture

In no other history islamic architecture of the world was the population so diversified, yet united, than in the Muslim World. This is the secret of the success story of Muslim art, architecture, science and technology of the classical period of Islamic civilisation.

Its expansion over a vast territory, incorporating three continents, provided a cultural richness that played a significant role in the elaboration of Muslim art and architecture. Converts from Christian, Persian and Indian origins enthusiastically redefined their knowledge, as well as their experience in arts, industry and various accomplishments of their respective nations, to conform with Islamic values and injected it into their new world.

Muslims were not blind imitators but "were content to adopt each local style that they found, modifying it mainly in distinctive ornamental details, but also introducing several important new features of plan and structure [4]. The early introduction of a completely alien architecture was not desirable, as Islam remoulded existing traditions and built on them the new value and life systems.

Islamic architecture - History of architecture | Study Guides

So, these history islamic architecture which played important community roles in ignorant pagan times, provided new enlightened rays of the new belief. The early use of churches in Syria and Spain, and temples in Persia and India is evidence of these attitudes.

Saladin [5]the plan of the mosque was derived from older Semitic sanctuaries. See Article History Islamic architecture, building traditions of Muslim populations of the Middle East and elsewhere from the 7th century on.

The iwan that stood opposite the qibla iwan followed history islamic architecture size, and it was both smaller and shallower. The lateral iwans were the smallest.

Islamic Architecture: Origin, History & Styles |

While the exterior of the mosque was unadorned, the inward-facing iwans were decorated with architectural ceramic tiles history islamic architecture turquoise, cobalt blue, white, deep yellow, and green. The decorative designs contained geometric and arabesque patterns as well as Kufic inscriptions.

From their start, the mosques of South Asia were syncretic structures. They were the by-products of hired Hindu masons, indigenous architectural material taken from destroyed or decaying Hindu buildings, and necessary elements of mosque architecture such as the mihrab.

The mosques were trabeated at first and decorated with popular Hindu motifs such as vegetal scrolls and lotuses. The plans of South Asian mosques ranged from traditional hypostyle, to Persian four- iwan types, and to single-aisle domed plans. The earliest mosques of the Delhi sultanate were hypostyle and built out of reused materials from Hindu and Jain temples such as the Quwwat al-Islam in History islamic architecture of the late twelfth century.

The greatest achievement of this mosque is the monumental minaret, the Qutb Minar. Standing at feet it was a victory tower that announced the power of the new religion to the surrounding landscape. The next significant mosque type of South Asia is the single-aisle plan with five bays that used stucco and colored stones as surface decoration and squinch and muqarnas vaulting.

Islamic Architecture

These mosques had monumental central portals and domes. It was this basic form of mosque architecture that was later adopted by the great Mogul dynasty History islamic architecture mosques have large courtyards and are built from the local red sandstone combined with white marble to create decorative geometric and vegetal patterns.

Its form is that of a colossal pishtaq tall central portalderived from Timurid origins. It is embellished with native Indian architectural elements as well such as small open pavilions called chatris and history islamic architecture medallions.


Located on the west side of the history islamic architecture courtyard is the sanctuary, a three-domed prayer-hall with a central pishtaq. The Great Mosque of Delhi was based on the four-iwan plan.

Three onion-shaped bulbous marble domes surmount the qibla iwan, the same shape used for the dome of the Taj Mahal. The minarets are divided into four parts and are capped with small pavilions. Smaller, private mosques built for the Mughal palaces of Lahore, Agra, and in Delhi reflect the fine marble carving skills of the Indian artisans.